Geographic Stats


 Geographic Stats

 
Location:
South eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey
 
Geographic coordinates:
43 00 N, 25 00 E
 
Area:
total: 110,879 sq km
land: 108,489 sq km
water: 2,390 sq km
 
Land boundaries:
total: 1,808 km
border countries: Greece 494 km, Macedonia 148 km, Romania 608 km, Serbia 318 km, Turkey 240 km
 
Coastline:
354 km
 
Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
 
Climate:
temperate; cold, damp winters; hot, dry summers
 
Terrain:
mostly mountains with lowlands in north and southeast
 
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
highest point: Musala 2,925 m
 
Natural resources:
bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land
 
Natural hazards:
earthquakes; landslides
 
Environment - current issues:
air pollution from industrial emissions; rivers polluted from raw sewage, heavy metals, detergents; deforestation; forest damage from air pollution and resulting acid rain; soil contamination from heavy metals from metallurgical plants and industrial wastes
 
Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Geography - note:
strategic location near Turkish Straits; controls key land routes from Europe to Middle East and Asia
 
 

Source: Central Intelligence Agency Website





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