The Cyrillic Alphabet (& How It Sounds)


 The Cyrillic Alphabet

Bulgarian alphabet
Official transliteration
Name of Letter
English equivalent
А а
A a
a
a as in "adorable"
Б б
B b
бъ
b as in "bug"
В в
V v
въ
v as in "vet"
Г г
G g
гъ
g as in "god"
Д д
D d
дъ
d as in "dog"
Е е
E e
е
e as in "best"
Ж ж
Zh zh
жъ
s as in "treasure"
З з
Z z
зъ
z as in "zoo"
И и
I i
и
i as in "igloo"
Й й
Y y
и кратко
y as in "yes" or combined with <о> as йо, for a pronunciation like yo in "yoyo"
К к
K k
къ
c as in "cat"
Л л
L l
лъ
l as in "call"
М м
M m
мъ
m as in "man"
Н н
N n
нъ
n as in "normal"
О о
O o
о
o as in "order"
П п
P p
пъ
p as in "pet"
Р р
R r
ръ
r as in "restaurant"
С с
S s
съ
s as in "sound"
Т т
T t
тъ
t as in "top"
У у
U u
y
оо as in "tool"
Ф ф
F f
фъ
f as in "food"
Х х
H h
хъ
ch as in Scottish "loch"
Ц ц
Ts ts
цъ
ts as in "fits"
Ч ч
Ch ch
чъ
ch as in "chip"
Ш ш
Sh sh
шъ
sh as in "shot"
Щ щ
Sht sht
щъ
sht as in "shtick"
Ъ ъ
A a
ер голям
u as in "turn"
Ь ь
Y y
ер малък
combined with <о> as ьо, for a pronunciation like yo in "yoyo"
less often with e as ьe, pronounced like ye in "yet"
Ю ю
Yu yu
ю
u as in "menu"
Я я
Ya ya
я
ya as in "yarn"
 
Most letters in the Bulgarian alphabet stand for just one specific sound. Three letters stand for the single expression of combinations of sounds, namely щ (sht), ю (yu), and я (ya). Two sounds do not correspond to separate letters, but are expressed as the combination of two letters, namely дж (/dʒ/) and дз (/dz/). The letter ь marks the softening (palatalization) of any consonant before /ɔ. 



 Source: Wikipedia





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