InBg Chat Room  

Calendar  
<< August 2018 >>

M T W T F S S
    12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
2728293031   


Information About Bulgaria   
About Bulgaria IndexAdd Content

Bulgaria- A Biologically Diverse Nation   
Author: Andrew James.
  Print this page   Export to PDF format   Mail to a friend

 

Bulgaria is the second most biologically diverse nation in Europe.There are more than 12,360 plant species, 3,700 of which are higher species. Of these, 763 are included in the Red Book of Bulgaria, which lists rare or endangered species.

About 750 plant types have been registered as medicinal, and 70% of these are economically valuable. The country exports about 15,000 tons of herbs each year.

The forested areas amount to about four million hectares, which is 36.85% of the territory of the country. Of the deciduous broad-leaved forests, the most widespread are oak and beech. The oak forests are in areas up to an elevation of 1,000 meters, and the beech forests are mainly in the country’s central mountain ranges.

Dense forests have developed at the lower reaches of the rivers Batova, Kamchiya, Ropotamo and Veleka. Natural coniferous forests are found in areas up to 2,200 meters above sea level, and are the most widely spread in the Rhodope Mountains. They mainly consist of spruce, fir and white pine. Black fir grows in the Slavyanka and Pirin Mountains, and white fir grows in the Central Balkans, the West Rhodope, the Middle Pirin, Rila, and Vitosha.

There are 27,000 species of invertebrate fauna in Bulgaria, and more than 750 species of vertebrates. Of these, 397 are birds, 207 are fresh-water and Black Sea fish, 94 are mammals, and 52 are amphibians and reptiles.

Seven zoological regions are recognized throughout the country, four of which are in the Mediterranean climatic zone. Bulgaria is home to European, Euro-Siberian and Mediterranean flora and fauna, and the Mediterranean climate has strongly influenced the development of many species.

The cave fauna in Bulgaria consists of more than 100 species. The Black Sea fish populations attract both sport and industrial fishing.

Three national parks have been established in the country: Pirin National Park (a UNESCO natural heritage site), Rila National Park, and the Central Balkans National Park. There are also 11 nature reserves – Belasitsa, Balgarka, Vratsa Balkan, Golden Sands, Persina, Rila Monastery, Rusenski Lom, Sinite Kamani, Strandzha and the Shumen Plateau.

 



4403 Reads

 Source: bulgariatravel.org - The Official Tourism Portal of Bulgaria



Tags: None
[ Go Back ]

Lastest InBg Forum Postings - The Serious Stuff   
Good News..... Posted By:Seedy @ 02:54:21 PM
Turkey stuffed? Posted By:tonytg806 @ 11:27:08 AM
Burglary Posted By:Seedy @ 02:42:38 PM
IMPORTANT - Olympic Insurance Posted By:Trev @ 05:54:28 PM
Ants Posted By:Seedy @ 01:06:35 AM
Sheds and water tanks Posted By:Seedy @ 01:03:49 AM
Polyfiller? Posted By:Jake @ 08:21:01 PM
Colorado beetles Posted By:plevenite @ 07:43:08 AM
Retrospective Planning Permission Posted By:Seedy @ 09:20:41 AM
Obzor Posted By:JJON @ 01:40:02 PM
NEW Fixer/Help at Montana Kat Posted By:Dragonfly @ 07:01:53 PM
Renewal of photo res.card Plovdiv. Posted By:Seedy @ 08:07:05 AM
NEW Security..... Posted By:atticjon @ 10:28:44 PM
Fruit trees Posted By:plevenite @ 07:40:32 AM
Travel to Bulgaria from U.K. by road. Posted By:Cliff @ 09:31:32 PM
English language radio? Posted By:Cliff @ 09:29:59 PM
Android news Posted By:Felixthecat @ 03:50:46 PM
A1 6mm wood pellets. Posted By:moonlight @ 03:55:44 PM
Submitting tax returns Posted By:plevenite @ 06:38:16 AM
NEW Looking for ChrisF Posted By:Basil @ 12:53:35 PM

Lastest InBg Forum Postings - The Lighter Side   
Formula 1 Posted By:scasparz @ 11:57:27 PM
Does This.... Posted By:Seedy @ 04:26:15 PM
The "Royle Family" Wedding Posted By:Seedy @ 12:18:47 PM
NEW More "Good" News.... Posted By:Seedy @ 04:47:31 PM
Whats cooking Posted By:Seedy @ 07:35:06 PM
Bad News.... Posted By:Seedy @ 11:11:22 AM
NEW Stand By.... Posted By:Seedy @ 07:37:25 AM
And Some Good News... Posted By:Seedy @ 11:27:01 AM
Baba Vanga Posted By:Seedy @ 10:59:38 AM
Highlights of 2017 Posted By:Seedy @ 06:27:08 PM

The In Bulgaria Free Ads   

In Bulgaria Gallery   
Latest pictures added to the In Bulgaria Gallery. Just click on an image to view a larger version.

Posted By: plevenite

Posted By: Sleepy

Posted By: Sleepy

Posted By: Seedy

Bulgarian Weather   

Click for Sofia, Bulgaria Forecast Click for Plovdiv, Bulgaria Forecast Click for Varna, Bulgaria Forecast Click for Burgas, Bulgaria Forecast


Time  

Currency converter  
Enter Value

Supporters  
Dreams Real Estate Banner



Follow On Twitter  

Ebay Property  

Web design and programming by The IT Place